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Bio Heavy Oil

  Overview of bio heavy oil

Bio heavy oil Is an eco-friendly fuel for generating power, produced by refining and processing by-products of Oleo Chemical, maintain animal and vegetable properties.

  • ※ New bio fuel introduced to implement the obligatory the renewable portfolio standard (RPS)
  • ※ Existing power generation facilities can be used by replacing bunker C oil, a petroleum fuel.

  The background of bio heavy oil

Biofuel companies seek a wide range of ways to supply bioenergy in accordance with the implementation of the Renewable portfolio standard (RPS) Act

  • ※ What is the Renewable portfolio standard (RPS)?
    •    · It is a mandatory system to supply power generation operators with power generation facilities with more than a scale (500MW) electricity with electricity produced by renewable energy.
    •    · Energy resources to be applied: solar power, wind power, water power, bio, fuel cell, tidal power
    • ※ Companies obligatory to supply (21) : power generation subsidiaries (6) private power generation companies (13), public institutions (2)

      Effects of environmental improvement

    According to the results of an empirical study conducted by the Korea Petroleum Quality and Distribution Authority, bio heavy oil hardly emits sulfur oxides, the main cause of pollution and the study confirms the following effects: 39% of nitrogen compared with heavy oil (Bunker C oil), 28% of fine dust, reduction of 85% greenhouse gases  
    (Press release by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy September 7, 2018)

      The status of supply

    2   019.03~present Full supply of bio heavy oil for power generation
    2   018.12

    Revision of the Oil Business Act

    · Recognized bio heavy oil as alternative energy to petroleum(’19.1.1)

    2   014.01~2019.03

    Pilot scheme for supplying bio heavy oil for power generation

    2   013.12~2018.02 An empirical study on bio heavy oil for power generation
    2   013.04~2013.12

    Project Agreement for pilot scheme for demonstrating supply and research assignment

    2   013.02

    Held a conference staged by the director of Seoul industry

    · The implementation of supply through the notification of a pilot scheme for the distribution

    2   012.11 Held a seminar for policy

      Ration of obligation to supply renewable energy

    [ mandatory amount of supply=the total amount of power generation (excluding renewable energy generation X mandatory ratio (%) ]

    Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
    Mandatory ration(%) 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.0 3.5 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0


    ※ Revised Exhibit 3 to facilitate the development, use and distribution of new energy and renewable energy

      The quality standard for bio heavy oil

    Items Quality standard

    The test method

    Flash point() 70 or more

    KS M ISO 2719

    kinematic viscosity(50, mm2/s) 15 to 80 K KS M ISO 3104
    Residual carbon content(% by weight) 5 or less KS M ISO 10370
    Sulfur content 0,05 and less KS M ISO 8754
    Ash(% by weight) 0.10 or less KS M ISO 6245
    The corrosion of the copper plate 1 or less KS M ISO 2160
    Pour Point 27 or less KS M ISO 3016
    Density @15℃(kg/m3) 991 KS M ISO 3675, KS M ISO 12185
    Moisture 0.30 or less KS M 0010
    The total acid number 25 or less KS M ISO 6618
    Alkali metal (mg/kg) Na 50 or less EN 14108
    Ca 30 or less ASTM D7111
    K 50 or less EN 14109
    Iodine value(g/100g) 120 or less KS M 0065
    Nitrogen (% by weight) 0.3 or less KS M 2112
    Vanadium 50 or less ASTM D7111
    Si + Al + Fe(mg/kg) 200 or less
    Phosphorus 30 or less
    Water and sediments (% by volume) 0.5 or less KS M ISO 3734
    Total calorific value 9,000 and more KS M 2057
    • 1. The standard for winter use is applied from November 1 to March 31 of the following year
    • 2. Cold filter clogging point is applied during the cold weather (November 15 to February 28 of the following year